Pakistan

 

The IIHE co-Presidents have been involved in a number of studies concerning the health care system of Pakistan. These studies addressed the growing epidemic of HCV and the urgency to mitigate its spread through blood transfusion reform in Pakistan. They also focused on health reform and health devolution, looking at access to HIV services for people who inject drugs (PWID), sex workers, transgenders and LGBTIQs. The objective has been to understand how devolution has affected knowledge, behavior, access, and susceptibility to HIV. These studies have been the first studies looking at the impact of devolution on HIV susceptibility and access to HIV related services in Pakistan. 

One scientific paper published in light of these studies has focused on how blood transfusions contributed to a higher rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Pakistan and how blood transfusion screening could mitigate this. The study found that the reason for the absence of screening to be the social stigma, resulting in the need for the promotion of health literacy through cultural norms - a finding which is also highly relevant for other countries.